Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

AFTRS Library: The Academic Writing Room

What is Academic Writing?

- Academic writing is a formal style of writing.

- It uses grammatically correct sentences and punctuation.

- It appears neutral and avoids emotional language.

- It avoids conversational words: you know, things like, stuff and abbreviations: can’t, won’t, doesn’t, shouldn’t.

- It uses verbs that avoid expressions of absolute certainty such as: give the impression of, tend to, appear to be, consider, think, doubt, indicate, recommend, show.

- Your view is the basis of your argument BUT you need to back up your position with evidence from academic sources.

- It demonstrates analysis and evaluation of arguments from recent academic evidence.

- It presents your ideas and evidences in a logical and progressive manner.

- It contains a bibliography.


Literature Reviews


A Literature Review is the fusion of a multitude of ideas that you present to a reader searching for what you know about the topic.  

What you know will depend on:

  1. you finding the most discussed and relevant information
  2. the scholarly nature of your information
  3. the depth and breadth of your research
  4. the way you evaluate and critique those ideas

A Literature Review is not just a set of summaries or descriptions. It shows the reader not only what previous research has been done in your field, but also your critique of them.

A Literature Review identifies an information gap which your own research will fill.

What literature should be included?

Use only information that is significant to your research. You can refer to works that are secondary such as newspaper articles but only if you deem it necessary for your critique such as popular but unsubstantiated opinions for example.

Information sources may include:

  • Films
  • TV series
  • Documentaries
  • Books
  • Peer- reviewed Journals
  • Research Papers
  • Government publications
  • Statistics
  • Encyclopaedias
  • Reports
  • Newspapers
  • Relevant websites

Although you can use many sources of information, a Literature Review requires you to use mostly well researched information such as scholarly books and peer-reviewed articles. The Literature Review bibliography therefore will give an indication about how well you have researched your topic.

To find out more about the Literature Review process click here

5 Things Every Presenter Should Know About People

Best Presentation Techniques?

- Several sensory channels compete with visual channels outplaying the auditory.

- Body language and tone are key to what you say in your presentation. Record and play back yourself.

- If you want to convince, state what you’d like them to do at the end of your presentation.

- Audiences mimic your emotions. If you’re passionate about your topic, this excitement will be contagious for the audience. Don’t hold back.

Presentation techniques

The Write Site

The Write Site is hosted by the University of Sydney

The Write Site provides online support to help you develop your academic and professional writing skills.

Each module provides descriptions of common problems in academic and professional writing and strategies for addressing them. You will see samples of good writing and also do some practice activities in error correction.

There are also many online resources to help you with your academic writing. Some of these are at the following links from University of SydneyUniversity of New South WalesUniversity of Technology Sydney (UTS) and University of Canberra.

AFTRS Library

Building 130
The Entertainment Quarter
Moore Park, Sydney
NSW   2021

(02) 9805 6440

Email us


Opening Hours

Monday 9.00am - 6.00pm
Tuesday 9.00am - 6.00pm
Wednesday 9.00am - 6.00pm
Thursday 9.00am - 6.00pm
Friday 9.00am - 6.00pm
Saturday 9.00am - 1.00pm
Sunday Closed