At AFTRS, academic integrity refers to respect, trust and honesty and in all aspects of staff and student academic work.
AFTRS plagiarism policy requires students to acknowledge when they use the ideas of others. In assignments and presentations, this is usually referred to as Referencing. The use of referencing conventions is also a part of good academic practice for several reasons:
|A Reference List
The reference list (also known as Bibliography) concludes a research paper or document and provides all relevant information about the sources used within the written text such as the author’s name, year, the title, location, and publisher.
Referencing a Music Recording:
Referencing a Podcast:
Referencing an Image:
Referencing a television series:
Text citations and references:
The same citing and referencing conventions as in a research paper apply to presentations. This implies that any direct quotes or ideas referring to another source must be cited in the text/slide, i.e. name of the author and year of publication is included in brackets. Every PowerPoint concludes with a reference list, which provides the full citation details of all sources cited within the presentation.
There are two options to cite images within PowerPoint presentations.
1) The full citation is included with each image on the slide; no further citation is required in the reference list.
2) A brief reference to the image is included on the slide and a full reference provided in the reference list at the end of the presentation.
The University of Sydney and the University of California, Irvine (UCI) provide a simple and useful guide to citing images and diagrams in the APA style:
The University of Sydney: http://sydney.edu.au/copyright/staff/citing.shtml
In order to trace an image, the following image search engine may be useful:
TinEye, Reverse Image Search: http://www.tineye.com/
There are many styles of referencing. At AFTRS, the recommended referencing style is that of the American Psychological Association known as APA 6th edition.
In-Text Citations in an essay or an article are mentions and directions to which one can refer for confirmed facts such as the source of information or ideas used. An in-text reference always has two pieces of information: the author/s last name/s and the year of publication. Page numbers are included when quoting.
Short quotations (less than 40 words) can be used as part of the sentence or as a complete sentence. The quote is an exact copy of the text and is enclosed in double quotation marks.
a) He argues “that the history of film as art has been determined by major historical shifts” (Younger, 2011, p. 27).
b) Younger (2011) argues that “it is for this reason that the history of film as art has been determined by major historical shifts in the way film has been defined as an art form” (p. 27).
A long quotation (more than 40 words) starts on a new line and is indented from the left margin. No double quotation marks are used. Example:
Younger (2011) argues:
It is for this reason we can say that the history of film as art has been determined by major historical shifts in the way film has been defined as an art form. Each of these paradigm shifts has involved the recognition of new aesthetic values and created new canons, bringing certain aspects of the cinema into sharp relief while allowing others to fall into the shadows. (p. 27)
If not directly quoting but using an idea or referring to another source, the author’s last name and the year of publication are referenced in the text, e.g.: Paradigm shifts throughout history guide us in our thinking, understanding, and interpretation of film as art (Younger, 2011).
Referencing Motion Pictures:
If the name of the director is not available, the name of the primary author is used. Division of Education, 27 March 2015 4
The basic information can be expanded in order to include a specific field/person such as the cinematographer or scriptwriter:
Referencing an episode from a television series:
Annotated Bibliography is a list of descriptive citations to books, articles, and documents. An annotation is a brief (usually about 150 words) evaluative paragraph. For more advice please visit How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography by Cornell University Library.
Literature Review may be defined as a critical analysis of the available literature in a given subject area. It involves:
This short guide by the University of New South Wales has been prepared for postgraduate research students. This guide will get you started with your Literature review [PDF - 52k]