- Academic writing is a formal style of writing.
- It uses grammatically correct sentences and punctuation.
- It appears neutral and avoids emotional language.
- It avoids conversational words: you know, things like, stuff and abbreviations: can’t, won’t, doesn’t, shouldn’t.
- It uses verbs that avoid expressions of absolute certainty such as: give the impression of, tend to, appear to be, consider, think, doubt, indicate, recommend, show.
- Your view is the basis of your argument BUT you need to back up your position with evidence from academic sources.
- It demonstrates analysis and evaluation of arguments from recent academic evidence.
- It presents your ideas and evidences in a logical and progressive manner.
- It contains a bibliography.
WHAT IS A LITERATURE REVIEW?
A Literature Review is the fusion of a multitude of ideas that you present to a reader searching for what you know about the topic.
What you know will depend on:
A Literature Review is not just a set of summaries or descriptions. It shows the reader not only what previous research has been done in your field, but also your critique of them.
A Literature Review identifies an information gap which your own research will fill.
What literature should be included?
Use only information that is significant to your research. You can refer to works that are secondary such as newspaper articles but only if you deem it necessary for your critique such as popular but unsubstantiated opinions for example.
Information sources may include:
Although you can use many sources of information, a Literature Review requires you to use mostly well researched information such as scholarly books and peer-reviewed articles. The Literature Review bibliography therefore will give an indication about how well you have researched your topic.
To find out more about the Literature Review process click here
- Several sensory channels compete with visual channels outplaying the auditory.
- Body language and tone are key to what you say in your presentation. Record and play back yourself.
- If you want to convince, state what you’d like them to do at the end of your presentation.
- Audiences mimic your emotions. If you’re passionate about your topic, this excitement will be contagious for the audience. Don’t hold back.
Each module provides descriptions of common problems in academic and professional writing and strategies for addressing them. You will see samples of good writing and also do some practice activities in error correction.
There are also many online resources to help you with your academic writing. Some of these are at the following links from University of Sydney, University of New South Wales, University of Technology Sydney (UTS) and University of Canberra.